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pocketGas (Gas Pipe Sizing Calculator): your mobile design partner for Gas pipe design & sizing 
Natural Gas or LPG (Propane) pipe sizing for high pressure & low pressure systems is as easy as 1, 2, 3 with pocketGas (Gas Pipe Sizer) program. pocketGas calculates gas flowrate, pipe size and pressure drop. The oldest and most common equation  Weymouth equation  is used in the high pressure gas calculation. NFPA model for high pressure calculation is also included. For low pressure gas calculation, NFPA equation is used.
Aim: creating a mobile design environment (ShowMe!) for the practising engineers & designers in today's mobile world.
Results: Instant solutions at your fingertips.
Highlights:
 a small Windows PC program for Gas pipeline hydraulics
 calculate both High pressure (for infra & building distribution pipeline ) and Low pressure (for building internal pipeline) gas pressure systems
 2 models for high pressure calculations: Weymouth and NFPA
 1 model for low pressure calculations: NFPA
 options to find flowrate, pipe size and pressure drop
 builtin data, guides, etc
 "save to file" function for printing
 individually selectable SIIP units
The selectable SIIP units available are:
Parameters  High Pressure  Low Pressure 
pressure  kPa/psi/in.wg/bar  Pa/psi/in.wg/bar 
pipe diameter  mm/in  mm/in 
pipe length  km/m/mile/ft  m/ft 
pipeline temperature  ^{o}C/^{o}F   
flowrate  cmh/cfh  LPS/cmh/cfh 
Design Explained 1: High Pressure System 
The Weymouth equation is used for calculating flows and pressure in high pressure gas system. The Weymouth equation does not use Moody friction factor, but uses a pipeline efficiency factor, E. The equation is developed empirically for compressible, turbulent flow with high Reynolds number in long pipelines. The Weymouth equation is one of the oldest and most common equation (as compared to the Panhandle A & B equations) in high pressure gas calculations. The Weymouth equation is considered to be more conservative than the Panhandle A & B equations.
The Weymouth equation in English units is presented as follows (with elevation effects ignored):
It is worth noting that the Weymouth's formula has expressed Moody friction factor as a function of the pipe diameter, i.e. f = 0.008/d^{1/3}.
For NFPA / IFGC formula, refer to NFPA 54 or International Fuel Gas Code.
Design Explained 2: Low Pressure System 
For pressure less than 10 kPa (1.5 psi), the following equation presented in SI units from NFPA / ASHRAE is used to determine gas flow capacity. AGA's International Fuel Gas Code (IFGC) uses the same equation.
Q = 0.0001d ^{2.623} [dP/(C*L)]^{0.541}
where Q = flow rate at 15 ^{o}C and 101 kPa (l/s)
d = inside diameter of pipe (mm)
dP = pressure drop (Pa)
C = factor for viscosity, density and temperature
L = pipe length (m)
Comparisons: Weymouth vs NFPA / IFGC for Lower End of High Pressure System 
Given:
Inlet pressure = 5 psi (gauge), Pressure drop = 3.5 psi, Flowrate = 84656 cfh, Gas = Natural Gas, Specific gravity = 0.6, Pipeline temperature = 60 ^{o}F, Pipe = smooth wall.
Pipe Lengh (ft)  Calculated Pipe Diameter (in)

Weymouth formula  NFPA / IFGC formula 
20  2.6  2.5 
200  4.0  4.0 
2000  6.2  6.4 
20000  9.5  10.2 
Gas Sizing Example 1: High Pressure System 
Calculate the outlet (downstream) pressue in a 17.5 inch (444.5 mm) natural gas pipeline, 20 miles (32.2 km) long. The gas flow rate is 6,250,000 cfh (176,875 cmh) at a flowing temperature of 70 ^{o}F (21.1 ^{o}C). The inlet pressure (absolute) is 1014.7 psia (6996.2 kPa) and the gas gravity is 0.6. High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) pipe is used, Assume the pipeline efficiency is 0.98, and compressibility factor is 0.85. Ignore elevation effects.
The following results are computed by pocketGAS program:
Gas Pipeline Hydraulic Calculations (High Pressure  Weymouth model) Find Downstream Pressure, P2

upstream pressure, P1 (gauge)  1000 psi  6894.9 kPa 
downstream pressure, P2 (gauge)  935.74 psi  6451 kPa 
mean pressure, Pm (gauge)  968.2 psi  6675.6 kPa 
pressure drop, Pd  6.4 %  6.4 % 
pipe diameter, d  17.5 in  444.5 mm 
pipe length, L  20 mile  32.2 km 
pipeline temp, T  70 ^{o}F  21.1 ^{o}C 
gas compressibility, z  0.85  0.85 
gas sp. gravity, g  0.6  0.6 
eff. factor, E  0.98  0.98 
FlowRate, Q  6250000 cfh  176875 cmh 
upstream velocity, V1  13.04 ft/s  3.97 m/s 
downstream velocity, V2  13.92 ft/s  4.24 m/s 
upper limit (erosional) velocity, Vmax  52.31 ft/s  15.95 m/s 
Note: Standard atmospheric conditions used in pocketGas program = 520 ^{o}R (15 ^{o}C) & 14.7 psi (101.3kPa).
Gas Sizing Example 2: Low Pressure System 
A restaurant serving about 300 persons requires a total gas damand of 1000 cfh (7.8611 l/s) for its cooking equipment. The total pipe length measured from the gas meter to the restaurant kitchen is 60 ft (18.29 m). Natural gas with 0.60 specific gravity is used. The pressure drop from the gas meter to the kitchen shall not exceed 0.3 in. w.g. (74.6 Pa). Determine the required pipe size.
The following results are computed by pocketGAS program:
Gas Pipeline Hydraulic Calculations (Low Pressure <10kPa  NFPA model) Find Pipe Diameter, d 
pressure drop, Pd  74.6 Pa  0.3 in.wg 
pipe internal diameter, d  49.7 mm  1.96 in 
pipe length, L  18.29 m  60 ft 
Correction factor, Cr  0.61  0.61 
FlowRate, Q  7.8611 l/s  1000 cfh 
Gas Sizing Example 3: Medium Pressure System 
Natural Gas:
Medium gas pressure system with pressure available at point D = 60 psi. The 1st regulator is set to deliver 5 psi at the outlet of the regulator. The upstream piping system shall deliver pressure no less than 20 psi at point A to the 1st regulator. Size the gas pipe line from D to A.
Information available:
Building 1 estimated gas demand = 20,000 cfh
Building 2 estimated gas demand = 20,000 cfh
Building 3 estimated gas demand = 30,000 cfh
Pipe length DC (including fittings) = 250 ft
Pipe length CB (including fittings) = 200 ft
PIpe length BA (including fittings) = 200 ft
Working illustrations (by no means this is the only approach):
Allowable pressure drop from D to A = 6020 = 40 psi.
Total pipe length from D to A = 650 ft.
Allocate pressure losses equally from D to A. Therefore, pressure loss = 40/650 = 0.0615 psi per ft.
(Note: you can distribute the pressure losses any way you wish as long as the sum of the total pressure drop does not exceed the allowable pressure drop.)
Pipe section  Upstream pressure (psi)  calculated Downstream pressure (psi)  Pipe Size (in.) using pocketGAS program 
DC  60  44.625  2.2 
CB  44.625  32.325  1.8 
BA  32.325  20.025  1.5 
Note: All gas appliances will have their own pressure regulator.
Note: For Compressed Air Pipe Sizing, see CompAir.
Experience yourself the mobility of pocketGas
Price: US $15.90 Download now:  product detail OS requirements: Windows XP, Vista, 7, 8, .... For Android OS, see aPocketGas. 
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